Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is a client-centered health professional concerned with promoting health and well-being to optimizing optimal level of function through meaningful activities (WFOT).

Occupational therapy interventions for mental health provide mental health treatment and prevention services for children, youth, aging and those with severe and persistent mental illness, with a focus on function and independence (AOTA).

Goals Occupational therapy in mental health setting

A mental illness is among the leading cause of disability in the world (Scheinholtz, 2010) and It can lead to impairment of different areas of functioning such as Cognitive, Social, Self-care, Physical, and Economic functioning of an individual.

Therefore, the main goals of occupational therapy is to prevent disability, Promote function, Restore function and maintaining function which lead to independence, autonomy, or necessity of minimum assistance in the community (social re-integration). Main Occupational Therapy Activities

  1. 1. ADLS (Activities of Daily Living) Retraining
  2. This treatment activity refers to self-care for hygiene it includes; brushing, bathing, cutting nails, dressing and washing clothes.
    This therapeutic activity is really beneficial for many psychiatric patients as many of them are having neglect of Body hygiene as Symptoms, difficulty in recalling the steps that are involving in those activities, for the Purpose of increasing good quality of health for the patient and minimize the Stigma.

  3. 2. IADLS Retraining (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living)
  4. IADLs refers to the activities that a person can do to care others; like meal preparation for the family (Pilling potatoes and bananas, washing dishes, cooking), washing clothes and home making.

    Therefore, the psychiatric patients need to be engaged helps the patient to increase self-confidence, after being discharged the patient tells family that he did when client was at hospital now the family member will trust him and the family will allow the client to participate in this activity.

  5. 3. Activities of expression and Cognitive Rehabilitation
  6. Art and craft (Drawing Making basket, sewing activities, making Envelope, painting and pottery); Board Games(Dice, Chess, Rudo, Dame, Igisoro and playing cards);Crosswords; Reading; writing; story telling.

    These treatment activities improve socialization, increase self-esteem, attention and concentration, Social interaction and confidence because when patient finishes one product like envelop, basket or figure shape he/she feels confident and increase self-esteem and patient can be creative.

  7. 4. Vocational and Productivity
  8. The large number of psychiatric Patients who are admitted in the hospital were having their occupations which brings income for them. Therefore, it is better to maintain and restore the lost skills in order to reintegrate them in society the patient this involves horticulture (Gardening and watering), Tailoring, Basketry and Knitting.
    This helps the clients to maintain and restore their professional skills and to reintegrate them in Society at their home places.

  9. 5. The group therapy (milieu therapy)
  10. We select the client and arrange them in the circle sitting with rows where the quit clients alternate with the active client and we used to select the Topic which is mostly related to mental health disorders, epilepsy and Social behavior.
    This therapeutic activity improve socialization, psychoeducation and evaluation.

  11. 6. Leisure Activities
  12. The patient admitted in hospital, many times are bored due to stay at one place, hopeless, when the patient participate in this leisure activities such as Music and dance, Promenade(outing), Progressive muscle relaxation, Yoga Sport, Olympic Games and Sport (Playing basketball, volley ball, football and ping pong, These activitieshelp the patient to express their feeling and emotions, socialization, minimizing the side effects of medication,build trust with the clients that you give them their freedom to go outside not considering them like prisoners.
    It also improves the functioning of respiratory, circulatory, digestive and hormonal systems.

    The aim of these activities is the reintegration of patients through works similar to those done in their families. The following activities were organized.
    -Agriculture, cooking and other housework
    -Breeding cows and goats
    -Cleaning the paths around the home

    Other relaxation activities include dancing on Tuesdays with others patients in the multipurpose hall of the hospital and working every Thursday afternoon.The staff participated actively in every activity involving patients.