Occupational Therapy is a client-centered health professional concerned with promoting health and well-being to optimizing optimal level of function through meaningful activities (WFOT).
Occupational therapy interventions for mental health provide mental health treatment and prevention services for children, youth, aging and those with severe and persistent mental illness, with a focus on function and independence (AOTA).
Goals Occupational therapy in mental health setting
A mental illness is among the leading cause of disability in the world (Scheinholtz, 2010) and It can lead to impairment of different areas of functioning such as Cognitive, Social, Self-care, Physical, and Economic functioning of an individual.
Therefore, the main goals of occupational therapy is to prevent disability, Promote function, Restore function and maintaining function which lead to independence, autonomy, or necessity of minimum assistance in the community (social re-integration). Main Occupational Therapy Activities
This treatment activity refers to self-care for hygiene it includes; brushing, bathing, cutting nails, dressing and washing clothes.
This therapeutic activity is really beneficial for many psychiatric patients as many of them are having neglect of Body hygiene as Symptoms, difficulty in recalling the steps that are involving in those activities, for the Purpose of increasing good quality of health for the patient and minimize the Stigma.
IADLs refers to the activities that a person can do to care others; like meal preparation for the family (Pilling potatoes and bananas, washing dishes, cooking), washing clothes and home making.
Therefore, the psychiatric patients need to be engaged helps the patient to increase self-confidence, after being discharged the patient tells family that he did when client was at hospital now the family member will trust him and the family will allow the client to participate in this activity.
Art and craft (Drawing Making basket, sewing activities, making Envelope, painting and pottery); Board Games(Dice, Chess, Rudo, Dame, Igisoro and playing cards);Crosswords; Reading; writing; story telling.
These treatment activities improve socialization, increase self-esteem, attention and concentration, Social interaction and confidence because when patient finishes one product like envelop, basket or figure shape he/she feels confident and increase self-esteem and patient can be creative.
The aim of these activities is the reintegration of patients through works similar to those done in their families. The following activities were organized.
-Agriculture, cooking and other housework
-Breeding cows and goats
-Cleaning the paths around the home
Other relaxation activities include dancing on Tuesdays with others patients in the multipurpose hall of the hospital and working every Thursday afternoon.The staff participated actively in every activity involving patients.